Print this page Introduction Christians argue both for and against the death penalty using secular arguments see Ethics: Capital punishmentbut like other religious people they often make an additional case based on the tenets of their faith. For much of history, the Christian Churches accepted that capital punishment was a necessary part of the mechanisms of society.
History Anarchist Auguste Vaillant guillotined in France in Execution of criminals has been used by nearly all societies since the beginning of civilizations on Earth.
The use of formal execution extends to the beginning of recorded history.
Most historical records and various primitive tribal practices indicate that the death penalty was a part of their justice system. Communal punishment for wrongdoing generally included compensation by the wrongdoer, corporal punishmentshunningbanishment and execution.
Usually, compensation and shunning were enough as a form of justice. A blood feud or vendetta occurs when arbitration between families or tribes fails or an arbitration system is non-existent.
This form of justice was common before the emergence of an arbitration system based on state or organized religion. It may result from crime, land disputes or a code of honour.
In most countries that practise capital punishment it is now reserved for murderterrorismwar crimesespionagetreasonor as part of military justice.
In some countries sexual crimes, such as rapefornicationadulteryincest and sodomycarry the death penalty, as do religious crimes such as Hudud and Qisas crimes, such as apostasy formal renunciation of the state religionblasphemymoharebehhirabahFasadMofsed-e-filarz and witchcraft.
In many countries that use the death penaltydrug trafficking is also a capital offence. In Chinahuman trafficking and serious cases of corruption and financial crimes are punished by the death penalty. In militaries around the world courts-martial have imposed death sentences for offences such as cowardicedesertioninsubordinationand mutiny.
Elaborations of tribal arbitration of feuds included peace settlements often done in a religious context and compensation system. Compensation was based on the principle of substitution which might include material for example, cattle, slave compensation, exchange of brides or grooms, or payment of the blood debt.
Settlement rules could allow for animal blood to replace human blood, or transfers of property or blood money or in some case an offer of a person for execution.
The person offered for execution did not have to be an original perpetrator of the crime because the system was based on tribes, not individuals.
Blood feuds could be regulated at meetings, such as the Norsemen things. One of the more modern refinements of the blood feud is the duel.
In certain parts of the world, nations in the form of ancient republics, monarchies or tribal oligarchies emerged. These nations were often united by common linguistic, religious or family ties.
Moreover, expansion of these nations often occurred by conquest of neighbouring tribes or nations. Consequently, various classes of royalty, nobility, various commoners and slave emerged. Accordingly, the systems of tribal arbitration were submerged into a more unified system of justice which formalized the relation between the different "classes" rather than "tribes".
The Torah Jewish Lawalso known as the Pentateuch the first five books of the Christian Old Testamentlays down the death penalty for murder, kidnappingmagicviolation of the Sabbathblasphemyand a wide range of sexual crimes, although evidence suggests that actual executions were rare.Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is killed by the state as a punishment for a vetconnexx.com sentence that someone be punished in such a manner is referred to as a death sentence, whereas the act of carrying out the sentence is known as an vetconnexx.com that are punishable by death are known as capital crimes or capital.
A HISTORY OF THE DEATH PENALTY IN THE UK. By Tim Lambert.
Capital Punishment in England in the 18th Century. However hanging was the most common method of execution in England from Saxon times until the 20th century.
DEATH PENALTY RELATED SITES: Equal Justice for Victims: A Blueprint for the Rightful Restoration of Capital Punishment. - The title of this book is based on two shocking facts, one never reported by the media: (1) the disgracefully scandalous official abuse of violent crime victims; and (2) the ghastly gap in the value placed on the lives of victims vs.
barbaric criminals. Introduction Garroting The Papal States The Anglican Church Abolition. Capital punishment was accepted as part of God's great design, and no attempt was made to .
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is killed by the state as a punishment for a vetconnexx.com sentence that someone be punished in such a manner is referred to as a death sentence, whereas the act of carrying out the sentence is known as an vetconnexx.com that are punishable by death are known as capital crimes or capital.
Capital punishment in the United Kingdom was used from ancient times until the second half of the 20th century. The last executions in the United Kingdom were by hanging, and took place in , prior to capital punishment being abolished for murder (in in Great Britain and in in Northern Ireland).Although unused, the death penalty remained a legally defined punishment for certain.