This text is from the book Down Syndrome: Hassold and David Patterson. This material is used with permission of Wiley-Liss, Inc. Copyright by Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Sign In or Create a free account to receive alerts. People with ASD use a variety of communication modes including speech, facial expressions, conventional gestures e.
Because a wide range of communication approaches is used—often in combination—clinical decisions about unaided and aided augmentative and alternative communication AAC techniques should be made on an individual basis using the principles of evidence-based practice i.
These guidelines and other ASHA policy documents are now a part of a continuing education program see sidebar below. These policy documents can help clinicians navigate the case studies presented below and assist with their own decisions about assessment and intervention tools and strategies.
The three case studies demonstrate various options in AAC intervention that can be used by children of different ages. Excitement and Joy Through Pictures and Speech by Sylvia Diehl Anderson is a 3-year-old boy with ASD who was referred to a university speech and hearing center by a local school district.
He attended a morning preschool at the university center for one year in addition to his school placement. History Birth and Development Anderson was a full-term baby delivered with no complications.
At age 3 he was described as low tone with awkward motor skills and inconsistent imitation skills. His communication development was delayed; he began using vocalizations at 3 months of age but had developed no words by 3 years.
Communication Profile at Baseline Anderson communicated through nonverbal means and used communication solely for behavioral regulation. He knew about 10 approximate signs when asked to label, but these were not used in a communicative fashion. Protests were demonstrated most often through pushing hands.
Anderson played functionally with toys when seated and used eye gaze appropriately during cause-and-effect play, but otherwise eye gaze was absent.
He often appeared to be non-engaged and responded inconsistently to his name. This norm-referenced instrument for children 6—24 months old is characterized by outstanding psychometric data i.
Although Anderson was 36 months old, this tool was chosen because it provides salient information about social communication development for children from 6 months to 6 years old. Because Anderson could not meet his needs through verbal communication, AAC was considered.
He had been taught some signs but did not use them communicatively. More importantly, his motor imitation skills were so poor that it was difficult to differentiate his signs. Additionally, a visual schedule was used at home and school to aid in transitions and to increase his symbolization.Communication Sciences Major.
The major in communication sciences leads to the Bachelor of Arts degree. For many students, a BA in communication sciences is a pre-professional degree in preparation for graduate study in speech-language pathology or audiology.
Speech, human communication through spoken vetconnexx.comgh many animals possess voices of various types and inflectional capabilities, human beings have learned to modulate their voices by articulating the laryngeal tones into audible oral speech.
This MSc is an accredited professional programme leading to qualification as a speech and language therapist (SLT). This programme integrates theory with work-based clinical placements with adults and children with a wide range of communication and swallowing difficulties.
GOAL: SST is intended to provide the prospective speech-language pathology assistant (SLPA) with basic information about speech, voice, language, and hearing disorders using a case studies format.
Speech-language pathology, also known as communication sciences and disorders in the United States, is a fast-growing profession that, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, offers about , jobs in the United States alone. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) has , members, who are audiologists, speech-language pathologists, speech, language, and .
LUOA offers a variety of Dual Enrollment courses to 11th and 12th grade students. Take a look at the current available courses, as well as the course syllabus.