The Chinese writing system is non-alphabetic. It applies a specific character to write each meaningful syllable or each nonmeaningful syllabic that is part of a polysyllabic word. History It is not known when Chinese writing originated, but it apparently began to develop in the early 2nd millennium bc. The earliest known inscriptions, each of which contains between 10 and 60 characters incised on pieces of bone and tortoiseshell that were used for oracular divination, date from the Shang or Yin dynasty 18th—12th century bcbut, by then it was already a highly developed system, essentially similar to its present form.
Studies in China show that normally three to four thousand characters are used in daily life, so it is safe to say that someone needs to know three to four thousand characters to be functionally literate in Chinese, or that they can be able to read an everyday text without serious problems.
Characters are a kind of graphic language, much different from languages that use an alphabet such as English. The correct way to tell between them is to remember the structure and meaning of every character, not pronunciation, because there is a very close relationship between meaning and structure of characters.
There are still many Chinese characters that are used in Japanese and Korean. Generally the educational level of a Japanese person is decided by the number of Chinese characters understood by this person.
While Koreans nowadays mostly write in hangulthe native Korean alphabet, people have found that some meanings cannot be expressed clearly by just hangul, so people need to use Chinese characters as a note with a bracket. BeforeKorean people only used Chinese characters.
Chinese characters in other languages[ change change source ] Chinese characters has been used to write other languages. In Japanese, they are called kanji. Kanji can be used to write both native Japanese words and Chinese loanwords.
Japanese writing uses a mix of kanji and two kana systems. Both writing systems are used often when writing Japanese. In Korean, they are called hanja.
Throughout most of Korean history, hanja was the only writing system most literate Koreans knew.
Even though hangula native Korean alphabet, was invented init was only used by commoners and not the government until Korea gained independence from Japan. Nowadays, most Koreans write mostly in hangul. In North Korea, people write almost completely in hangul since Kim Il-sung abolished hanja from Korean.
In South Korea, people mostly write in hangul, and they sometimes write some hanja in some cases. Hanja are almost never used to write native Korean words.
For those words, Koreans usually just write them in hangul. Many Chinese loanwords were used in Vietnamese, especially in old Vietnamese literature. While Vietnamese used many Chinese characters, they also invented tens of thousands of their own characters to write Vietnamese words.Chinese.
Chinese is spoken by about billion people mainly in the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (a.k.a.
Taiwan), Singapore and other parts of Southeast Asia. You have the opportunity to contribute ways that you remember Chinese characters and photos of your Chinese writing as you learn from other students of Chinese.
Click the “Learn More” button next to any character to see what others have said about that character.
Use Read it, Trace it and Paste it worksheet maker to create great worksheets for young Chinese learners to learn common Chinese characters and Chinese sentence structure. Information about written and spoken Chinese, including details of the Chinese script, and of different varieties of spoken Chinese (Mandarin, Cantonese, etc).
Home News Alphabets Omniglot Chinese - learn to read and write the hundred most commonly-used characters.
Available for Android & iPhone; Learn Chinese from movies; Learn Chinese. Cinese characters are logograms used in the writing ofChinese, Japanese, Korean, and some other Asian languages. In Standard Chinese, they are called hànzì (simplifiedChinese: 汉字; traditional .
Written Chinese (Chinese: 中文; pinyin: zhōngwén) comprises Chinese characters (汉字 / 漢字; pinyin: Hànzì, literally "Han characters") used to represent the Chinese language. Chinese characters do not constitute an alphabet or a compact syllabary.