Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound — they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods:
Describe the advantages and benefits of using descriptive research methods. Describe the disadvantages and limitations of using descriptive research methods. Before considering the advantages and disadvantages of descriptive research, it is helpful to review descriptive research and the terms associated with it, as well as Descriptive research designs introduced to a discussion of the most commonly discussed advantages and disadvantages.
The Slideshare presentation below, Descriptive Research Methodologies, recaps the basics types of descriptive methods, but also includes a discussion of benefits and limitations.
It primarily focuses on the use of descriptive research in educational settings, however the basic principles can be applied across disciplines. Descriptive Method from hamidehkarimy Many of the benefits and limitations of the specific descriptive research methods have been alluded to in previous modules in this series.
Following is a summary regarding both the advantages and the disadvantages of using descriptive research methodology in general.
Subjects or participants are observed in a natural and unchanged environment. An example would be an anthropologist who wants to study a tribe without interfering with their normal activities or behaviors. Descriptive research may be a pre-cursor to future research because it can be helpful in identifying variables that can be tested.
A researcher may be looking at the health outcomes for the children of low income families living in a particular neighborhood.
The finding may point the researcher to specific variables that may be impacting health that warrant further study.
The data collection allows for gathering in-depth information that may be either quantitative surveys or qualitative observations or case studies in nature. This allows for a multifaceted approach to data collection and analysis. Descriptive studies result in rich data that is collected in large amounts.
Surveys can be used by companies and organizations to study in beliefs, attitudes, behaviors and habits of members of a target audience, company or other organization.
Participants or subjects may not be truthful or may not behave naturally when they know they are being observed. Descriptive studies cannot be used to correlate variables or determine cause and effect. Confidentiality can be an issue. Researcher bias may play a role in many ways. For example, the choice and wording of questions for the questionnaire may be influenced the bias of the researcher.
The researcher may also make subjective choice about which information to record and emphasize in the findings. No variables are manipulated, therefore statistical analysis is not possible.
Because of this, some scientists regard descriptive studies as unreliable and unscientific. The results are not repeatable and typically the study cannot be replicated. Findings may be open to interpretation.
Advantages and disadvantages specific to the three basic types of descriptive research were covered in more detail in each of those modules in this series.
Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. The Lancet, Handbook of research for educational communications and technology, Research methods in education and psychology: Introduction to social research: Quantitative and qualitative approaches.
Essentials of behavioral research: Methods and data analysis.Descriptive research is a study intended to portray something in an accurate manner. In this type of research, we use descriptive statistics, while in . What are the main types of quantitative approaches to research?
It is easier to understand the different types of quantitative research designs if you consider how the researcher designs for control of the variables in the investigation.. If the researcher views quantitative design as a continuum, one end of the range represents a design where .
Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who . Descriptive research designs help provide answers to the questions of who, what, when, where, and how associated with a particular research problem; a descriptive study cannot conclusively ascertain answers to why.
Descriptive research is used to obtain information concerning the current status of the phenomena and to describe "what exists. Descriptive research can be used to increase understanding and knowledge about the behavior and thought processes of people.
There are three main types of descriptive research commonly used in the. Descriptive research designs help provide answers to the questions of who, what, when, where, and how associated with a particular research problem; a descriptive study cannot conclusively ascertain answers to .