However, when the reader encounters Michael Henchard some years after the wife sale, Henchard is — at least outwardly — a changed man. Goodenough, the furmity-vendor, has plummeted in the social scale, Henchard has risen to be the mayor of a considerable social unit, a prosperous country town in the period just prior to the repeal of the Corn Laws.
After committing the abominable deed of selling his wife and child, Henchard wakes from a drunken stupor and wonders, first and foremost, if he told any of the fair-goers his name. Not only has he climbed from hay-trusser to mayor of a small agricultural town, but he labors to protect the esteem this higher position affords him.
As he stares out at an unhappy audience made up of grain merchants who have lost money and common citizens who, without wheat, are going hungry, Henchard laments that he cannot undo the past.
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He relates grown wheat metaphorically to the mistakes of the past—neither can be taken back. Although Henchard learns this lesson at the end of Chapter IV, he fails to internalize it. If there is, indeed, a key to his undoing, it is his inability to let go of his past mistakes.
Guilt acts like a fuel that keeps Henchard moving toward his own demise. While he might have found happiness by marrying Lucetta, for instance, Henchard determines to make amends for the past by remarrying a woman he never loved in the first place. Whatever the pain, Henchard bears it.
It is this resilience that elevates him to the level of a hero—a man, ironically, whose name deserves to be remembered.Donald Farfrae Farfrae, the young Scotchman, serves as a foil (a character whose actions or emotions contrast with and thereby accentuate those of another character) for Henchard.
Whereas will and intuition determine the course of . Compare and contrast Henchard and Farfrae as seen by Thomas Hardy In Thomas Hardy’s tragic novel, ‘The Mayor of Casterbridge’, the author creates a foil in the form of Donald Farfrae to emphasize and consequently accentuate the downfall of the protagonist, Michael Henchard.
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Mayor of Casterbridge Sold his wife and daughter to Richard Newson Promised not to drink for 21 years Father of Elizabeth who died before Jealous of Donald Farfrae.
Essentially, Farfrae's fate is a kind of positive mirror of Henchard's: his is the life that Henchard could have had if it weren't for his own unchangeable bad temper. But Farfrae's character is too complicated to dismiss as a simple narrative device, even if he does serve as a foil for Michael Henchard.
Donald Farfrae Farfrae, the young Scotchman, serves as a foil (a character whose actions or emotions contrast with and thereby accentuate those of another character) for Henchard. Whereas will and intuition determine the course of Henchard’s life, Farfrae is a man of intellect.