But this was before I began working on an organic farm in Maine. It seems as if this sort of farming is a colossal hark back to the days when men and women toiled in fields under hoe, weeding by hand, planted crops by squatting down and sticking them one by one into the earth, and doing just about everything without the noxious aid of any semblance of modern devices. On a modern organic farm, man is again the machine; the beast of burden is yours truly. Physical, brute, by-hand labor is what puts the seeds in the fields, it is that which raises those seeds to planthood, and it is still that which retrieves the food once it has grown.
It is carried out to meet the rising demand for cheap food and prevent future shortages. Elaborated below are its pros and cons. Intensive farming is an agricultural system that aims to get maximum yield from the available land.
This farming technique is also applied in supplying livestock. You could say that under this technique, food is produced in large quantities with the help of chemical fertilizers and pesticides that are appropriately used to save such agricultural land from pests and crop diseases.
Products, such as eggs, meat, and other agricultural items that are easily available in many supermarkets today are produced using modern intensive farming methods. Jay Rayner, a restaurant critic of the Observer says, Sure, it might be cruel, but intensive farming saves lives.
It is practiced widely by many developed economies of the world. Sustainable intensive farming, intensive aquaculture, intensive livestock farming, and management-intensive grazing fall under this farming category. It also aids in solving the worldwide hunger problems to a great extent.
This means that common people can now afford a balanced and nutritious diet. Apart from that, large farming spaces are required to cultivate organic crops using natural manure. However, with the introduction of intensive farming, the space, equipment, and other requirements for farming are less and more economical.
The farmers, who follow these set rules help to provide an affordable, safe, and healthy produce to all alike. This leads to economies of scale and directly contributes towards meeting the ever-growing demand for food supplies.
Apart from this, it is also associated with farms that keep livestock above their holding capacity, which in turn leads to pollution, various diseases, and infections brought about by overcrowding and poor hygiene.
Forests are destroyed to create large open fields, and this could lead to soil erosion. It affects the natural habitat of wild animals. Use of chemical fertilizers contaminates soil and water bodies, such as lakes and rivers.
Heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers also affects the workers who spray the pesticides and the people residing nearby. Eventually, these chemicals are passed on to human beings, who consume the agricultural produce.
These cannot be washed off easily.
Exceeding the use of pesticides affects the health of human beings severely, leading to skin allergy, physical deformity, and congenital disease. Researchers opine that consumption of inorganic poisonous vegetables, fruits, poultry, and meat could probably be one of the reasons for causing such damage in the human body.
The livestock and poultry are injected with hormones and other chemicals to increase the yield. We are all well-accustomed to this concept of farming. It produces good quality food without using any chemical fertilizer or pesticides, helps reduce diseases, and lowers the environmental impact.
In this method, plants are grown not in the soil but in water containing dissolved nutrients in greenhouses. Using a predator intentionally to fix the pest population size is known as biological control. This technique demands utmost caution and thorough study, as it could go all wrong, if not managed properly.
It is very difficult to pick a side in the debate regarding intensive farming. While it is true that agricultural intensification is necessary to meet the ever-increasing population growth, it is also true that intensive use of chemical fertilizers will largely affect the health of human beings, plants, fish, honey bees, frogs, birds, and livestock.In partnership with the Appalachian Beginning Forest Farming Coalition, Organic Growers School will be hosting a two-day forest farming intensive meant to deepen the grower’s skill-set and allow them to further their own forest farming operations at home.
Compares and contrasts organic and intensive farming. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions/5(4). Organic arable farming uses, among others, the following principles to avoid and reverse the destruction of soil effects of intensive farming.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Intensive Farming Intensive farming is the latest technique used to yield high productivity by keeping large number of livestock indoors and using excessive amount of chemical fertilizers on a tiny acreage.
Intensive farming is good because it uses less space than organic farming, all the products produced are the same size and shape, and fertilliers are used to make the . The Market Gardener: A Successful Grower's Handbook for Small-scale Organic Farming - Kindle edition by Jean-Martin Fortier, Marie Bilodeau, Marie Bilodeau, The Greenhorns, Severine von Tscharner Fleming.
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