Table of Contents Brief Overview Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States, is perhaps more relevant today than most of the other Presidents of the early nineteenth century. In the wake of the contested election of and amid growing complaints of the "dirtiness" of politics, we might do well to look back to Jackson's dirty and hotly contested race for the Presidency inin which he won the popular vote but subsequently lost the Presidency after the election was thrown into the House of Representatives. When Jackson was finally elected, he pushed to have the Electoral College abolished and railed against life tenure for government workers.
President Andrew Jackson redefined what it meant to lead the country. Unfortunately, the first two years of his term were marred by a social scandal that turned political.
Eaton, Jacksons administration essay was forced to defend his friends, especially since John Eaton had defended Rachel Jackson so vigorously during the campaign. These divisive actions resulted in Jackson showing favor only to those who socialized with the Eatons and proved their loyalty to him in other ways.
To rid himself of the immediate controversy Jackson dismissed his entire cabinet in except for the Postmaster General.
In time, this caused Jackson to turn to a group of unofficial advisors. Although Jackson replaced only about ten percent of the government officers he held power over, it was a high percentage compared to his predecessors.
The officers he replaced were largely inept, corrupt or were politically opposed to Jackson.
In one instance, he vetoed a road bill approved by Congress. Prior to Jackson, presidents had only vetoed legislation they believed to be unconstitutional. Jackson established a new principle of vetoing legislation as a matter of policy. Andrew Jackson is the only president in American history to pay off the national debt and leave office with the country in the black.
Furthermore, he recognized that whites desired their lands and feared if the Native Americans remained in those areas they would eventually be exterminated. Though he had railed against government corruption in the past, Jackson largely ignored the shady treaties forced upon the various tribes and the corrupt actions of government officials.
The Indian Removal process was completed two years after Jackson left office with great loss of Native American life due to this corruption, inadequate supplies and removal by force. Trouble with the Bank With the Eaton Affair behind him and his programs in full swing, Jackson turned his attention to an issue that would define his presidency and forever reshape the office he held.
Bank profits benefited private stockholders as well as the U. In its early years, the bank was riddled with corruption and poor financial management. This resulted in economic hardship in the U.
Jackson realized their important role in the U. Furthermore, he saw the Bank as a threat to national security since its stockholders were mainly foreign investors with allegiances to other governments.
The crux of the issue for Jackson was what he saw as the never-ending battle between liberty and power in government. In his belief system, people should sacrifice some individual liberty for the beneficial aspects of government. But if any government institution became too powerful it stood as a direct threat to individual liberty.
Jackson signaled early on in his administration that he would consider re-chartering the Bank, but only if its powers were limited. Clay decided that he would force Jackson to make the Bank a campaign issue in by re-chartering the Bank early. Clay secured Congressional approval of the re-charter forcing Jackson to promptly veto it on constitutional and policy grounds.
Clay and Jackson then put the issue of who or what was the greater danger to individual liberty, to the people. The people overwhelmingly re-elected Jackson.Jackson explained his veto in a lengthy message, one of the most important state papers of his presidency.
Attorney General Roger Taney and adviser Amos Kendall composed the bulk of the message, which emphasized a variety of reasons for the . Andrew Jackson and the troubled birth of democracy.
Author H.W. Brands discusses Andrew Jackson and the troubled birth of democracy. Brands is the author of Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times. This lecture was part of the University of Virginia Miller Center's Historical Presidency Series. We will write a custom essay sample on Explanation on the Evolution of the Federal Indian Policy from Washington through Jackson’s Administration specifically for you for only $ $/page Order now.
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Jackson also espoused removing Indian tribes in the United States to the west of the Mississippi River as one of his reforms. Jackson argued that the United States policy of attempting to assimilate the tribes into white society had failed and the Native Americans’ way of life would eventually be destroyed. During Jackson’s administration he supported the will of the people, however he neglected the minority and abused his power as president. President Andrew Jackson was appropriately designated as the “People’s President” as he personifies America’s conflicted history of democracy. At the last public party of Andrew Jackson's Administration, a giant wheel of cheese weighing over 1, lbs. was "rolled" in and completely eaten by the guests in 2 hours. The White House reeked of cheese for weeks after the event.
Published: 23rd March, In the Jacksonian time period, his administration had bought nearly one hundred million acres of Indian land for a about sixty-eight million dollars, and purchased thirty-two million acres of western land.
Jackson was criticized at the time for. Jackson signaled early on in his administration that he would consider re-chartering the Bank, but only if its powers were limited. "The bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!" Post-presidency, Jackson kept up an active correspondence with many in Washington, offering his insights and advice from The Hermitage in Nashville.
The Jackson administration had removed up to 46, Indians under the Indian Removal Act. The shameful exhibit of patriotism is realized today in modern society. Being if Native decent is highly valued especially in establishments seeking diversity.