It consisted of the bombardment of the unfinished sea fort by Confederate Forces, forcing the Union garrison to surrender. The main consequence of the defeat was the rallying of thousands of Northerners behind the Union cause, thereby precipitating a full-scale war that lasted for four years. Background After Abraham Lincoln had been elected President in Novemberthe secession crisis which followed led to Federal troops in southern forts receiving a considerable number of threats.
Background[ edit ] The deployment of black men as U. With the fall of New Madrid and Island No. Union forces occupied Fort Pillow on June 6 and used it to protect the river approach to Memphis. During the battle, this design proved to be a disadvantage to the defenders because they could not fire upon approaching troops without mounting the top of the parapet, which subjected them to enemy fire.
Because of the width of the parapet, operators of the six artillery pieces of the fort found it difficult to depress their barrels enough to fire on the attackers once they got close. Their objectives were to capture Union prisoners and supplies and to demolish posts and fortifications from Paducah, Kentuckysouth to Memphis.
Chalmers brigades of Brig. Richardson and Colonel Robert M. McCulloch and Abraham Buford brigades of Cols. Forrest had tried to bluff U. Hicks into surrender, warning " Needing supplies, Forrest planned to move on Fort Pillow with about 1,  to 2,  men.
He had detached part of his command under Buford to strike Paducah again. He wrote on April 4, "There is a Federal force of or at Fort Pillow, which I shall attend to in a day or two, as they have horses and supplies which we need.
The black soldiers belonged to the 6th U. Boothwho had been in the fort for only two weeks. Booth had been ordered to move his regiment from Memphis to Fort Pillow on March 28 to augment the cavalry, who had occupied the fort several weeks earlier.
Many of the regiment were former slaves who understood the personal cost of a loss to the Confederates—at best an immediate return to slavery rather than being treated as a prisoner of war.
They had heard that some Confederates threatened to kill any Union black troops they encountered. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message Forrest arrived at Fort Pillow at By this time, Chalmers had already surrounded the fort.
This was the first of three horses he lost that day. The Union soldiers had failed to destroy these buildings before the Confederates occupied them and subjected the garrison to a murderous fire. Rifle and artillery fire continued until 3: I demand the unconditional surrender of the entire garrison, promising that you shall be treated as prisoners of war.
My men have just received a fresh supply of ammunition, and from their present position can easily assault and capture the fort. Should my demand be refused, I cannot be responsible for the fate of your command. The Confederate assault was furious. While the sharpshooters maintained their fire into the fort, a first wave entered the ditch and stood while the second wave used their backs as stepping stones.
These men then reached down and helped the first wave scramble up a ledge on the embankment. All of this proceeded flawlessly and with very little firing, except from the sharpshooters and around the flanks.
Their fire against the New Era caused the sailors to button up their gun ports and hold their fire. As the sharpshooters were signaled to hold their fire, the men on the ledge went up and over the embankment, firing now for the first time into the massed defenders, who fought briefly, but then broke and ran to the landing at the foot of the bluff, where they had been told that the Union gunboat would cover their withdrawal by firing grapeshot and canister rounds.
The gunboat did not fire a single shot because its gun ports were sealed.On April 12, , General P.G.T. Beauregard, in command of the Confederate forces around Charleston Harbor, opened fire on the Union garrison holding Fort Sumter.
At pm on April 13 Major Robert Anderson, garrison commander, surrendered the fort and was evacuated the next day. Union forces then concentrated on Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely. On March 27, , Canby’s forces rendezvoused at Danley’s Ferry and immediately undertook a siege of Spanish Fort.
The Union had enveloped the fort by April 1, and on April 8 captured it. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
Although there were no casualties during the bombardment, one Union artillerist was killed and three wounded (one mortally) when a cannon exploded prematurely while . Nov 09, · The Battle of Fort Henry on February 6, , was the first significant Union victory of the American Civil War ().
In an effort to gain control of rivers and supply lines west of the. The Battle of Fort Sumter and First Victory of the Southern troops summary from Charleston Press Listen to this article (info/dl) This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Battle of Fort Sumter " dated , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the vetconnexx.com: Confederate victory, Confederacy captures Fort Sumter, Beginning of the American Civil War.
Battle Of Fort Sumter Summary: The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the American Civil War. The intense Confederate artillery bombardment of Major Robert Anderson’s small Union garrison in the unfinished fort in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina, .