The Song Dynasty Government in China.
Essay on Government of India: Sometimes confusion is made between state and Government and the two words are used interchangeably. Government is an instrument of the state through which it carries out its purposes. A state, as we have seen, is a politically organized and geographically limited body of people that possesses the right to use force.
It is an abstract entity and so must have an instrument through which to operate. Government is such an instrument. All the citizens of a state are not part of a government.
A government includes only those officials and persons who are appointed or elected to determine, interpret and carry out the regulations of the state. Thus it has three main organs-the legislative to determine the laws of the state, the executive to carry out these laws and the judiciary to interpret them.
The sole purpose of a government is to act as the instrumentality of the state. Most states have now written constitutions. The Indian Constitution is the ultimate basis for judging the legality of any law a legislative body enacts or any order an executive body issues.
The Supreme Court of India has the final power to determine whether laws or executive orders are made in pursuance of the constitution. Governments may take several forms.
In history there have appeared many forms of government. Aristotle had given a six fold classification of governments—three normal and three perverted forms of government.
The three normal types of government are monarchy, rule by one person; aristocracy, rule by a few; polity, rule by many.
If these normal forms are perverted, monarchy becomes tyranny, aristocracy becomes oligarchy and polity becomes democracy. Thus Aristotle regarded democracy as the worst form of government, but he felt that the potential capacity of the citizens for sound collective Judgement could assure the success of this form.
Today, our attention is drawn to two major forms: The citizens in many states are in a quandary as to which form they should adopt. Russia and China are the classic instances of totalitarian form of government.
Under totalitarianism, there is rigidly patterned social organization. It does not allow unrestricted or uncontrolled associations.
It subjects all social groupings to the designs of the state. Usually, questioning of the ideas and practices of the rules is not tolerated. Freedom of expression by the press or individual is denied. Obedience is the supreme law which is enforced by the use of police powers.
Democracy is founded upon the principle of popular sovereignty, i.
An Important principle of democracy is that all citizens have equal political privileges which only they can exercise and which they cannot transfer to any other persons. Another foundational principle is that rule of the majority shall prevail, this majority to be expressed by the citizens either through direct voting or through their elected representatives.
A third principle is that citizens can vote the government out of office if it loses their confidence. Democracy is based upon two basic cultural values of equality and liberty. It has attained a marked popularity in the world, yet it is often criticized for certain defects.
The first of these is that the citizens do not fully exercise their rights nor accept their obligations. Voting is a paramount right of the citizens in a democracy, but the citizens do not fully and honestly discharge their obligation to vote.
The percentage of the Indian citizens who fulfill this obligation ranges between 40 to 45 per cent. Moreover, voting is on the basis of caste and extraneous considerations.
Voting is so quantitatively and qualitatively poor that the whole process of democratic government becomes jeopardized. Another defect lies in leadership.
Democracy can succeed only under able leaders who are neither class conscious nor interest controlled.Under China's current Constitution, the NPC is structured as a unicameral legislature, with the power to legislate, the power to oversee the operations of the government, and the .
Thus, the social and economic aspects of China in the time period also had a rather large effect on China becoming ruled by a single party rule governed by Mao.
In conclusion, political, social and economic conditions in China were altogether very responsible for the rise of the CCP. The E-Government of China - The international community has already begun the application of the e-government system especially in some of the world's most .
Government: Canada and China Essay. countries I have chosen to compare are China and Canada. Their systems of government are very different and have different powers and rolls in their country. Canada has a system of government very similar to our own.
While china's government appears to be similar as well, but it is quite different. The E-Government of China - The international community has already begun the application of the e-government system especially in some of the world's most .
collaboration in e-government in China? Through a fuzzy-set analysis of culture changes, and four illustrative case studies, it analyses how cultural values behind e-government projects reflect in the type of collaboration adopted, and how particular cultural biases can lead to pathologies such as corruption.