Download 16MB Preview Abstract How can we account for the strikingly different political preferences of Czechs and Slovaks in the post-communist era, despite a half-century of shared political history and similar political institutions? In order to answer this question, I examine what motivates ordinary citizens to support or reject the EU in two new member states of post-communist Europe.
United Kingdom Trade Unions Union density, at about a sixth of all employees, is higher in the Slovak Republic than in many other states of central and Eastern Europe. There is a single dominant union confederation, KOZ SR, although individual unions have considerable autonomy and influence.
There are probablytrade unionists in the Slovak Republic. Most of the members of the former ROH organisation — the union confederation in the communist period, which was dissolved in — joined CSKOS, although the new union confederation adopted different policies and organisation.
The only other union groupings of any significance are the Christian union confederation, NKOS, in particular its union for teachers and the KUK, which organises some cultural workers. Falling membership has led to a number of union mergers.
The individual unions have considerable autonomy and the role of the confederation is essentially one of co-ordination, especially in discussions with the government. It has generally been closer to the social democratic Smer-SD party. Union membership has declined since the creation of the Slovak Republic in The confederation and individual unions have for some years taken a range of initiatives to improve the membership situation, but there is no indication yet that membership is growing.
Unions are stronger in the public sector and large-scale manufacturing but have almost no presence in the smaller companies in both manufacturing and services. Fulton Worker representation in Europe. Produced with the assistance of the SEEurope Networkonline publication available at http:Slovakia has 9 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee.
This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries. The European Economic Area (EEA) was established on 1st of January based on an agreement between Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and the European Union (including Slovakia).
It allows these countries to participate in the EU’s single market without joining the EU. The European Union (EU) is a unique political and economic partnership that currently consists of 28 member states (see the map in the Appendix).
1 Built through a series of binding treaties, the Union is the latest stage in a process of integration begun after World War II to promote peace. The European Union played a very important role in transforming post-communist countries into democratic states with functioning market economies and the rule of law.
The massive transfer of institutional and legal know-how from member states to candidate countries, which was guided by the European Commission and other institutions, is in many ways a historically unprecedented event. Moreover, using historical evidence and data from an original survey conducted in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, I reveal that the manifestation and importance of identity in support for EU membership is contextually-based.
Slovakia is the world's largest per-capita car producer with a total of 1,, cars manufactured in the country in alone and the 7th largest car producer in the European Union.
The car industry represents 43% of Slovakia's industrial output, and a quarter of its vetconnexx.comcy: Euro (€)ᵇ (EURᵇ).