The Politics of Abortion An induced abortion is the intentional termination of a human pregnancy. The procedure is primarily done in the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. An abortion can be performed by taking medication or undergoing surgery.
Many individuals, groups and organizations find the term helpful in moving beyond the singular focus on abortion that dominates the pro-choice movement.
It also provides a way to link groups concerned about sexual rights and gender identity issues with those working on reproductive issues. A Google search in November on the term produced 76, hits, proving the wide acceptance and usefulness for a term coined in by African American women after the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, Egypt.
According to Marlene Fried of the Civil Liberties and Public Policy Program at Hampshire College, reproductive justice provides a political home for a set of ideas, aspirations and visions in language that encompasses all the social justice and human rights issues. Reproductive Justice is, in fact, a paradigm shift beyond demanding gender equality or attaching abortion rights to a broader reproductive health agenda.
All of these concepts are, in fact, encompassed by the Reproductive Justice framework. Reproductive justice is in essence an intersectional theory emerging from the experiences of women of color whose multiple communities experience a complex set of reproductive oppressions.
It is based on the understanding that the impacts of race, class, gender and sexual identity oppressions are not additive but integrative, producing this paradigm of intersectionality. For each individual and each community, the effects will be different, but they share some of the basic characteristics of intersectionality — universality, simultaneity and interdependence.
Reproductive Justice is a positive approach that links sexuality, health, and human rights to social justice movements by placing abortion and reproductive health issues in the larger context of the well-being and health of women, families and communities because reproductive justice seamlessly integrates those individual and group human rights particularly important to marginalized communities.
We believe that the ability of any woman to determine her own reproductive destiny is directly linked to the conditions in her community and these conditions are not just a matter of individual choice and access.
For example, a woman cannot make an individual decision about her body if she is part of a community whose human rights as a group are violated, such as through environmental dangers or insufficient quality health care.
Reproductive justice is simultaneously a new theory, a new practice and a new strategy that has quickly proven effective in providing a common language and broader unity in our movement. For this progress to continue, we believe that our movement must share a deepened understanding of the potential power of this framework for moving beyond the congealed debates on abortion in reproductive politics.
The theory of reproductive justice was created because women of color were looking for a way to articulate the needs of our communities.
We believe that every woman has the human right to: Decide if and when she will have a baby and the conditions under which she will give birth Decide if she will not have a baby and her options for preventing or ending a pregnancy Parent the children she already has with the necessary social supports in safe environments and healthy communities, and without fear of violence from individuals or the government In short, reproductive justice is an intersectional theoretical analysis defined by the human rights framework applicable to everyone, and based on concepts of intersectionality and the practice of self-help, discussed later.
It is also a base-building strategy for our movement that requires multi-issue, cross-sector collaborations. Reproductive justice also offers a different perspective on human rights violations that challenge us in controlling our bodies and determining the destiny of our families and communities: The Core Problem is Reproductive Oppression Reproductive oppression is the control and exploitation of women, girls, and individuals through our bodies, sexuality, labor, and reproduction.
The regulation of women and individuals thus becomes a powerful strategic pathway to controlling entire communities. It involves systems of oppression that are based on race, ability, class, gender, sexuality, age and immigration status.
Both terms summarize the way that the state and others refuse to support us with quality services and resources, but at the same time interfere in our lives and decisions. Reproductive oppression is implemented, for example, through discriminatory foster care enforcement, criminalizing pregnancy, immigration restrictions, preventing LGBTQ individuals from parenting, and forced abortions for incarcerated women.
As stated above, reproductive oppression is a means of selectively controlling the destiny of entire communities through the bodies of women and individuals, a newer and more subtle form of negative eugenics.I would remind them that there are different wings of the anti-abortion movement, and one’s strategies and tactics as defenders of reproductive rights should be based on one’s opponents.
The Battle Over Abortion Rights in Brazil’s State Arenas, It focuses on the interaction of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in different state arenas and political contexts. and social rights, especially the right to health, cre-ated a new legal, moral, and political vocabulary that.
In the third piece, Evans (, this issue), in a review of Abortion Politics, Mass Media, and Social Movements in America (Rohlinger, ), underscores the shifting media strategies of pro-choice and anti-abortion organizations in North America.
Organizational Resources, Media Strategies, and Movement-Countermovement Dynamics ment organization's ability to get mainstream media coverage.
Specifically, I use the social movement framing literature to analyze how the organizations strategically "rights," arguing that women have a constitutional right to an abortion and that policy.
Many students equate pro-choice with pro-abortion. In class discus-sions, we challenge students’ narrow understanding of the pro-choice position. We highlight how the pro-choice position means having the right to choose to terminate a pregnancy.
Pro-choice activists focus . The abortion rights or Pro-Choice movement sees the decision of whether to have an abortion as a democratic right which must not be controlled by the state, church, or a political party.
The Pro-Choice movement is organizing to keep abortion safe and legal.